FEMINISM ON MULAN STORY and MULAN THE MOVIE

Mulan was the movie created by Walt Disney in 1998 which was directed by Tony Bancroft and Barry Cook. This movie actually was the adaptation of famous China legend, Fa Mu Lan or Hua Mulan, which brought into cinema. This movie tells about the girl namely Mulan, the only child of her honored family. When the Huns invade China, one man from every family is called to arms. Mulan’s father, who has an old wound and cannot walk properly, decides to fight for his country and the honor of his family though it is clear that he will not survive from enemy encounter. Mulan, who just got rejected by the matchmaker because she had set her on fire, decides to prove that she is worth something and steals away to fit her father’s place in the Chinese army. She prays to her family’s ancestors for protection and luck before leaving as a man in her father’s armor with her family’s horse. The ancestors awake and decide to send Mushu, a little dishonored dragon to aid Mulan in her quest. Weeks later, Mulan and the other troopers have survived the training camp and are on the way north to stop the huns. After being spotted and pursued by the enemies, an impasse situation in the mountains forces Mulan to come up with an idea. But then, her real gender will no longer be a secret. She decides to risk everything in order to save China. Meanwhile, the original of Mulan was coming from the poem, The Ballad of Mulan, which was adapted into a book, Women Warrior, written by Maxine Kingston. This women warrior also tells as same as Mulan movie with some different perspectives. In this story, Mulan is visualized as both not only male warrior but also female avenger. The main reason of describing Mulan as above because she has both the ability to give a new life and take another life. She has the power like other mother that is born a baby while the other side, she could take someone else life by being a warrior. This is much interesting views about portraying a woman in which there is never vision about that nowadays.

If we compared both movie and story about Mulan, there is a clearly view that those are visualizing the intelligence of woman. In the movie, Mulan who has known that her lovely father was called to go war although his body was not support and would never be survive, tried to help by joining the war and changing her identity into male. In this case, Disney as the company who built Mulan attempts to give new perspective to society that is a woman is seen as capable of taking on the same roles as men and becomes detached from her family and society; something that is rarely seen even today, due to the type of culture that is established in China. Mulan actually could be considered as one of revolutionary in the world of feminism because women of which described within the movie is choosing and arranging their destiny. On the other side, Mulan which is described in Kingston’s story in one of his chapters’ entitled White tiger, is same as the Disney’s visualization. Mulan changes the society of China perspective that at that time women was described as weak, fragile, had to be protected, and so on. The most interesting of this chapter is the writer itself, Kingston, tried to visualize herself as if she was the warrior. Kingston succeeded on changing the point of view of China belief that women could do activities that men could do. The spirit that Kingston brought into her story, Women Warrior, is influenced with her American Life. We have known that America is the country in which built with one of the values that is individualism. This value later influences the people mind that you have to do anything by yourself. This is also affect to the development of women. Women are expected to be strong person as same as men. So, the development of feminism in US is faster than other countries. While in China, the position of women is under men. They are forbidden to move forward. This is why the depiction of women in China likes a person who was in prison. Kingston tries to change these views by depicting Chinese women into Mulan who has strong power to defeat her enemies without erasing her main values as women.

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